Inter may appear after its corresponding object.
rex inter prīmōs cōnsisterat: he was mad a king among equals.
mediōs inter hostēs Londinium perrēxit: he pressed on to London amid enemies (enemy ambushes.
2. Except (perhaps?) for metrical purposes,
intra will always proceed it’s corresponding object.
intrā trēs diēs: within three days
intrā lūcem: before the day was done
The Essential AG: 435
Posted in Uncategorized Tagged accusative, direct, inter, intra, latin, latin for addicts, latin grammar, latin language, object, placement, position, preposition, ryan mease
These aren’t from A&G—I picked them up in the cobweb-covered corners of Lewis and Short. Enjoy!
iam tandem paene inter manūs est: at last, it’s finally within reach!
inter viam eō: I’m on the way!
Haec Toddī inter cēnam rettūlī: I reported these things to Todd at dinner.
inter initia architectī gestōrum saepe inter sē distulērunt: during the start-up phase, the founders of the company often quarreled amongst themselves
inter hās turbās senātus tamen convēnit: despite these upheavals, the senate convened ( inter + accusative… tamen)
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There are multiform variations on the
inter sē construction, which I feel it best to expand on here. The basic structure is something like this:
Inter sē cōncertant: they compete amongst themselves.
The basic sense in which this is a ‘reflexive’ construction seems clear here. However, we can (i.e. the Romans did) expand this idea into a variety of related senses dense and enigmatic:
CIcerōnis puerī amant inter sē: the children of Cicero love one another
furtim inter sē aspiciēbant: they stole glances at one another (think Jason and Medea upon first meeting)
collēs duōs inter sē propinquinōs occūbat: they occupied two hills near to one another
quod nos inter sē sit: which we’ll keep between us
rēs inter sē similēs: matters sharing qualities
fāta quae inter sē continentur: fates which hang together
An alternative to this reflexive idea is the
alter alterīus/ alterī construction, similar to the ἀλλοs ἀλλοθεν idea of the Greek idiom, but I’ll cover that more in a forthcoming post!
alter alterīus ōva frangit: they break each other’s eggs
The Essential AG: 145c, 301f
Posted in Uncategorized Tagged accusative, alter, alteri, alterius, another, each, idiom, idiomatic, inter, one, other, phrases, reciprocal, reflexive, se, uses
In my last post, I introduced
intra, to which I will now compare and contrast intra, a considerably more common and complex preposition, individuated from intra through the following uses.
inter mōns et durum: between a rock and a hard place
inter tē et mē: between you and me
inter sē construction.
inter sē loquuntur: they talk amongst themselves
inter se confērunt: they compare amongst themselves
3. The ‘amid’ construction.
inter hostium tēla: amid the weapons of the enemies
inter imbrim: during the rainfall
prīmus inter parēs: the first among equals
4. The temporal ‘while’ construction (with a gerund)
inter bibendum: while drinking
inter agendum: while carrying forward
The Essential AG: 221.15
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intrā takes an accusative. It is likely derived from the adjectival feminine adjective singular of inter, intra, intrum (intrā) — an archaic adjective which also produced the corresponding preposition inter.
Intra + accusative is primarily used with a single class of nouns, and denotes a space ‘within which.’
intrā moenia, within the walls
the Lord is within me intrā me deus est,
within a javelin’s throw (denoting distance) intrā iactum telī,
Intra + accusative of time is one ways of denoting the time within something occurred.
within four years intrā quattuor annōs,
before the day was done intrā lucem,
within few days (before a few days had passed) intrā diēs paucōs,
, without a moment’s delay intrā morae breve tempus
It can also mean
less than a given duration or quantity.
he inflicted fewer than 100 casualties intrā centum fūnera fēcit,
, he left before three days had passed (compare above) intrā trēs diēs abiit
It can also appear without a direct object.
ea she is within intrā est,
The Essential AG: 130
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This is just a quick reminder (of what I covered briefly in
March 2012) that intrā gives rise to one of the few comparative / superlative adjectival pairs that is not derived from an adjective.
intrā, within —> interior, -ōris, inner —> intimus, a, -um inmost
A&G offer this fascinating footnote:
“The forms in
-trā and -terus were originally comparative (cf. alter), so that the comparatives in -terior are double comparatives.” (my emphasis)
in + accusative —> intrā + accusative —> interior, -ōris
The Essential AG: 130a
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The fixed accusative
phrase ( Ryan) salūtem (tibi) appears at the beginning of Latin letters. The sense of dīcit is implied.
Seneca Luciliō suō salūtem: Dear Lucilius, (Seneca gives greeting to his dear Lucilius.)
Caesar Pompeiō magnō suō salūtem: Dear Pompey Magnus,
The Essential AG: 397dn2
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