# Fractions in Latin

This was totally new to me, but apparently they are the same as in English.

cardinal / numeral = 3 / 4 = three / fourths.
All fractions use the feminine gender nouns (as though partēs).

• 2/7 = duae septimae
• 3/11 = trēs ūndecimae
• 19/13 = ūndēvīgintī tertiae decimae
• 5/104 = quīnque centēnsimae quartae

Here’s one exception: fraction with 1 in the numerator

• 1/2 = dīmidia pars or dīmdium
• 1/3 = tertia pars
• 1/4 = quarta pars
• 1/6 = sexta pars
• 1/8 = octava pars

1/2 is altogether exceptional, but the rest of 1/x fractions all read neuter plural + pars

Ok, now here’s another exception:

When the fraction is x / x + 1, the fraction reads ordinal (agreeing with partēs) + partēs

• 2/3 = duae partēs
• 12/13 = duodecimae partēs
• 56/57 = quīnquāgēnsimae sextae partēs

But weight, there’s more! There are also a host of special nouns used to describe fractions of weight, coin value or land distribution. (A&G aren’t explicit if they can be used to measure other fractions—does anyone know?)

There are a lot of them. Sorry.

• 1/12 uncia, -ae
• 1/6 sextāns, -antis