Verbs Takings the Dative (p7/7)
Phrases with Corresponding Verbs
There are a variety of phrases that take the dative, corresponding in sense to more basic categories of verbs that take the dative
- I am on hand to aid Caesar: iuvendī Caesaris praestō sum. (cf. adsum)
- She will humor his request: precī eius mōrem geret. (cf. mōrigeror)
- Let us all do favors for our loved ones: omnēs amantibus grāta faciāmus. (cf. grātificor)
- The dog is only obedient to me: iste canis solum mihi dictō audiēns est. (cf. oboedīre)
- I held confidence in her prophecy: suō effatī fidem habuī. (cf. cōnfidō)
Other phrases take the dative according to their own, particular sense
- The Furies inflict their injuries upon the men: Eumenides eīs damna dant.
- This slave did me an injury: hīc servus mihi iniūriam fēcit!
- They brought the slave to trial: servō diem dixērunt.
- They set the day of the election: comitibus diem dixērunt.
- They were told to thank the father: grātiās agere patrī iussī sunt.
- I am thankful to Pompey: grātiam Pompeiō habeō.
- I must repay Pompey the favor: grātiam Pompeiō mihi referendum est.
- There is need of action: gerendō opus est.
- Children too rarely honor their parents: liberī parentibus rarius honōrem habent.
- He is given credit: acceptum eō ferre est.
The Poetic Dative
The poets put the dative in numerous places were strict Latin syntax suggests some other, more regular, case
- Nor would I dare to tear the clinging crown from that highly lauded head: nēque egō illī detrahere ausīm / haerentem capitī cum multā laude corōnam (Horace, Satires, 1.10.48-9) [prō abl.]
- Scorning Iarbas, and the leaders of other men, whom the rich soil of Africa nourishes in triumph–will you also fight a pleasing lover: dēspectus Iarbas / ductorēsque aliī, quōs Āfrica terra triumphīs / dīves alit: placitōne etiam pugnābis amorī? [prō cum + abl. or in + acc.]
- She filled the wound with tears, and mixed mourning with blood: vulnerā supplēvit lacrimīs flētumque cruōrī / miscuit [Ovid, Metamorphoses, 4.139-140] [prō abl.]
The Essential AG: 367 n2, 368.3a, 413a
Famous Phrase: prīus quam incipiās, consultō et, ubī consuluerīs factō opus est
[before you being, there is need of planning, and where you’ve consulted–of action!]
Sallust, Bellum Catilinae, 1.6