Verbs Taking the Dative (p6/7)
The Dative with Compounds
Compounds with Prepositions
Verbs with the prepositions ad, ante, con, circum, in, inter, ob, post, prae, prō, sub and super will take a dative
- “In these cases, the dative depends not on the preposition, but on the compound verb in its acquired meaning” [AG, 370a]
- Therefore, in my opinion, the only sure method is good guesswork: does the meaning of the verb appear to demand a dative?
- I do no agree with them: nōn eīs adsentior.
- The nature of man is superior to beasts: nātūra hominis pecudibus antecēdit.
- He was in accord with himself: sibi ipse cōnsēnsit.
- Virtues are always connected with pleasures: virtūtēs semper voluptātibus inhaerent.
- He not only had a hand in all matters, but took the lead in them: omnibus negōtiīs nōn interfuit sōlum sed praefuit.
- Arts yields to weather: tempestātī ars obsequitur.
- He will never yield to his foes: numquam inimīcīs succumbet.
There are plenty of compounds verbs that do not take the dative
- He will kill the women: fēminās interficiet!
- He calls together his men: convocat suōs.
- She opposes us: nōs oppūgnat.
See also aggredior (to go against + acc.), adeō (to approach +acc. ), antecēdō or anteeō or antegredior or praecēdo (to go before–dat. or acc.), conveniō (to suit + dat. or to convene, gather + acc.), ineō (to enter +acc. ), obeō (to go against +acc), offendō (to offend, fail, find fault with, defect, hit upon (cf. τυγχάνω) +acc. ), and subeō (to enter, to steal upon (cf. λανθάνω) +acc.)
Other verbs will take a dative and accusative, according to their particular meaning
- We offer ourselves to dangers: nōs ipsōs offerimus perīculīs.
Compounds with satis, bene and male
- I never satisfy myself: mihi ipse numquam satisfaciō.
- He spoke ill of the excellent woman: optimae fēminae maledixit.
- It is a glorious thing to benefit the commonwealth: pulchrum est benefacere reī pūblicae.
The Essential AG: 368.2, 370a-b
Famous Phrase: quī tacet consentīre vidētur (who is silent, appears to approve)
[I can’t find the source for this–any ideas?]