The Defective Triumph

The Latin ovāre (to triumph) is defective, but the following examples make an appearance in our extant literature:

  • ovās, ovat
  • ovet
  • ovāret
  • ovāns, ovātūrus, ovātus
  • ovandī

They appear in a few fixed phrases—

  • He entered the city in triumph: ovāns urbem ingrederētur.
  • He revealed the triumphal gold: ovātum aurum dētexit.
  • The allies gathered, triumphant: sociī comitentur ovantēs.

Compare also ovanter ‘exultingly’ and the Greek αύω (αϝύω) ‘increase.’