It Won’t Always Be Summer

I was tracing a Latin quote from Erasmus and it went a little deeper than expected, so I thought it best to share—

The quote from Erasmus: nōn semper erit aestās (Adagia, 4.3.86)

The immediate comparison to this in Latin would be Seneca’s dicēbam vōbīs: nōn semper erunt Satūrnālia (Apocolocyntosis, 12)

The general sense here is “winter is coming,” and therefore scholars have rightly traced these sentiments back to Hesiod, Work and Days 503:

“οὐκ αἰεὶ θέρος ἐσσεῖται—ποιεῖσθε καλīάς!”

The καλιά is a storage barn, though searching for καλιάς on Google I found this little gem:


Salute’em in Your Letter

The fixed accusative phrase (Ryan) salūtem (tibi) appears at the beginning of Latin letters. The sense of dīcit is implied.

  • Seneca Luciliō suō salūtem: Dear Lucilius, (Seneca gives greeting to his dear Lucilius.)
  • Caesar Pompeiō magnō suō salūtem: Dear Pompey Magnus,

The Essential AG: 397dn2